Situated over 2,100 metres above sea level Shimla, was the cool summer capital of India under British rule and is the state capital of Himachal Pradesh. The city itself is very spread out; however it is delightful with a long pedestrian only mall lined with colourful bazaars with shops selling everything from handicrafts and spices to household goods and fabrics. Many important historical events have taken place in Shimla including the signing of the famous Shimla Pact between India & Pakistan. There are plenty of sights worth visiting both within the city and the picturesque surrounding area, highlights include Jakhu Temple, Viceregal Lodge, The historical buildings of the Ridge, The Himalayan Bird Park and taking a stroll through the nearby orchards, open pastures and hillside villages. Arriving into Shimla is an experience in itself by travelling on the old narrow gauge railway which winds its way up the mountain in a series of steep switchbacks, through small country stations and more than 100 tunnels – highly recommended.