The mighty Iguazu Falls, which straddle the border of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay at the confluence of the Iguazu and Parana Rivers, are one of the largest waterfalls in the world and most spectacular sights in all of South America. Taking its name from the Guarani word “big water”, the falls are made up of a series of over 280 separate cataracts, ranging from 60 to 80 metres high, which plummet off a 3km wide natural gorge blanketed with dense temperate rainforest. The most famous of the individual falls is the “garganta del diablo” or Devil’s throat, a dramatic 150m wide section through which flows over half of Iguazu’s estimated 350,000-400,000 gallons of water per second.
On the Argentine side of the border, access to the falls is via Puerto Iguazu airport and there are countless hotels dotted around the national park and town. Well maintained trails criss-cross the forest to various viewpoints while the surrounding “interior Atlantic rainforest” offers a whole host of activities from bird-watching and zip-lining to guided jungle walks. Further afield deep in Misiones province, there are eco-lodges and estancias alike as well as the ruins of historic Jesuit missions that can be reached in a long day.