At the tip of South America, where Tierra del Fuego dissolves into a myriad of islands, Ushuaia overlooks the Beagle Channel set against a dramatic backdrop of snow-capped Patagonian peaks. Dubbed the southernmost city in the world, a fact disputed by Chile’s Puerto Williams, Ushuaia was first settled in 1870 as a mission and then remote penal colony. Today, tourism has firmly taken root. Daily boat trips head out on the Beagle channel to take in resident penguin and sea-lion colonies while longer cruises explore the breathtaking Antarctic Peninsula or the spectacular glacier topped fjords to Cape Horn. On land, often overlooked, the Lapataia National Park offers excellent walking while the restored “train to the end of the world”, the historic, narrow gauge steam train built to serve the penal colony, offers a fascinating insight into the city’s past.