Dana Biosphere Reserve encompasses four different bio-geographical zones of the country. Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian, Saharo-Arabian and Sudanian and a melting pot of species from Europe, Africa and Asia.
With a combination of natural communities in a single area, this unique Biosphere Reserve house animals and plants which are scarce. In total there are 800 plants species and 449 animal species recorded. Twenty-five are known to be on the endangered list, including the Sand Cat, the Syrian Wolf, the Lesser Kestrel and the Spiny Tailed Lizard.