Damaraland is characterised by flat-topped mountains, wild-sculpted sandstone cliffs, broad valleys and dry riverbeds that carve their way through the deep gorges and ancient geological features indicating a wetter past.
Today, the rivers – mainly the Huab, Ugab, Uniab and Koigab – flow only sporadically; their riverbeds are ribbon-like oases that push through the most desolate of terrains, the underground water and tree-lined courses allowing even large species like arid-adapted elephant and giraffe to roam the seemingly inhospitable desert and semi-desert.
The area boasts a variety of attractions ranging from fascinating geological formations to unique vegetation and the only UNESCO World Heritage site in Namibia, Twyfelfontein. This collection of ancient rock art is the largest in Southern Africa.
Away from the river lines are vast open plains that in good rainfall years are covered by annual grasses, attracting hers of specialist arid antelope such as gemsbok and springbok. The seemingly barren surrounds, the very low human population density, and the inspirational attitude of rural communities to ‘their’ wild animals make Damaraland a critically important area for Namibia.